The 1920s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1920, as well as upright December 31, 1929. In North America, it is often described as the “Roaring Twenties” or the “Jazz Age”, while in Europe the period is sometimes referred to as the “Golden Age Twenties” because of the economic boom adhering to World War I. French audio speakers refer to the duration as the “AnnÃ©es folles” (“Crazy Years”), highlighting the period’s social, artistic, and also cultural dynamism.
Test Your Knowledge on The 1920s
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What effect did the Bolshevik Revolution have on the American people?Correct
The Russian Revolution combined with a series of anarchist terrorist attacks created a deep fear and distrust of immigrants amongst the American public. Americans were terrified that the same radical communist ideas that took root in Russia could destabilize the United States as well. The “Red Scare” would grip the nation; foreigners and radical thinkers came under fire as potential threats.Incorrect
What was the overwhelming public reaction to the steelworker strike and others like it that were occurring across America in 1919?Correct
Thanks in large part to propaganda efforts in the media, most Americans saw the striking laborers as “Red agitators” seeking to impose communist ideals on the American economy. This lack of public support resulted in the vast majority of labor strikes in 1919 and 1920 failing to achieve their goals.Incorrect
Which of the following best describes the actions taken by Marcus Garvey in the 1920s to help combat a growing racial unrest in the United States?Correct
Garvey’s activism through the UNIA was a huge step forward in establishing a pride and identity for the African American community in America. He promoted the notion that African American community should carve out their own spaces (even going so far as supporting the idea of founding their own African nation) by creating their own businesses and strengthening their own communities.Incorrect
Which of the following best describes the Warren G. Harding presidency?Correct
President Harding surrounded himself with political allies and friends that routinely generated scandal through their acts of corruption. One of the most notable scandals included the illegal leasing of oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hills, California that resulted in the conviction of Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert Fall.Incorrect
What was the significance of the Five-Power Treaty signed by America, Japan, Britain, France, and Italy in 1922?Correct
The Five-Power Treaty was an agreement to limit the size of the participating nations’ navies. An international agreement of this nature had never been put in place in the modern era.Incorrect
What was the primary weakness of the Kellogg-Briand Pact which would eventually be signed by 62 nations?Correct
The Kellogg-Briand Pact was impactful in its mission to eliminate warfare from the earth; however, the pact lacked any way to hold participants accountable should the pact be broken. As a result, the Kellogg-Briand Pact remained a largely symbolic gesture.Incorrect
How did the increased availability of electricity affect American industry in the 1920s?Correct
Electricity helped businesses to cut the steep operating costs associated with steam power. As a result, many industries passed some of their savings on to consumers by lowering prices on manufactured goods.Incorrect
Which of the following is the best example demonstrating the growth of the American consumer economy in the 1920s?Correct
Americans had access to a wide variety of goods and appliances at steadily decreasing prices. At the same time, both advertising and the notion of buying on credit became more commonplace as ways to help spur the increased purchasing power of the American public.Incorrect
What impact did the automobile have on the American economy?Correct
The automobile’s usage nearly tripled in the 1920s. As a result, the need for car-related materials like tires and petroleum products created further demand for industrial growth. Additionally, the freedom provided by the automobile gave Americans the opportunity to commute to jobs and stores that had formerly been outside of their reach.Incorrect
Which of the following offers the best summary of the American economy during the 1920s?Correct
The combination of increased access to electricity and the rise of American consumerism helped fuel successes for many American industries in the 1920s. On the other hand, falling post-war food prices crippled many farmers who had previously thrived. The prosperity of steam-era industries like the railroad and coal mining also declined following the rise of electricity and the automobile in the 1920s.Incorrect