The following section consist of Jeffersonian Era Quiz .The Jeffersonian era was rife with conflict, partisan passion, and larger-than-life personalities. On the domestic front, a new party, the Republicans, came to office for the first time and a former vice president was charged with treason. Pirates, operating from bases on the coast of North Africa, harassed enslaved American sailors, and Britain and France interfered with American shipping. Finally, the United States fought a second war for independence against Britain. Click here for another Early Nation Period of U.S.A History Quiz
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Which of the following best summarizes the results of the Election of 1800?Correct
It took 36 ballots in the House of Representatives to break the Electoral College tie between Jefferson and Burr. In the end, Alexander Hamilton was able to convince a Federalist Burr supporter to break ranks and abstain from the final vote, tipping the numbers in favor of Jefferson.Incorrect
How did the Twelfth Amendment change the presidential election process?Correct
Prior to the Twelfth Amendment, the vice presidency was awarded to the second place finisher in the presidential election. By giving the vice presidency its own spot on the ballot, it reduced the likelihood of conflicts in the executive branch and partisan Electoral College face-offs.Incorrect
Which of the following best describes the tone and message of President Thomas Jefferson’s Inaugural Address?Correct
Despite a divisive and hard-fought campaign, Jefferson used his address to try and build some solidarity that spanned party lines. His policy themes, however, were focused almost exclusively on ideas and plans to shrink the federal government’s size and limit its power.Incorrect
How did Jefferson deal with the national debt he inherited from the Federalist presidents before him?Correct
Shrinking the federal government was a key part of the Democratic-Republican party’s platform, and Jefferson wasted no time in putting the plan into action as President. The entire military saw major cuts and the number of federal employees was cut down to a few hundred people. Jefferson also repealed the federal taxes put in place by previous administrations.Incorrect
What was the impact of the Supreme Court’s decision in the case of Marbury v. Madison?Correct
This was a landmark ruling stating that Congress cannot pass laws that are contrary to the Constitution, and that it is the role of the Judicial system to interpret what the Constitution permits.
The court’s role in reviewing legislation and deciding whether it violates the Constitution is known as judicial review. Marbury v. Madison established a very important precedent because nothing in the text of the Constitution explicitly authorizes the power of judicial review.Incorrect
Which of the following best describes the result of the Louisiana Purchase:Correct
Though the constitutional legality of the purchase was questionable, Jefferson doubled the size of the United States overnight with this purchase. The Louisiana Territory included land from fifteen present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The deal was a bargain for the United States, with Jefferson paying less than 3 cents per acre.Incorrect
Why was Napoleon so eager to sell off the Louisiana Territory?Correct
Napoleon was gearing up for war with Britain and saw the Louisiana Territory as an asset he could turn into much needed funds. When Saint-Domingue fell in the Haitian Revolution, Napoleon’s interests in the Western Hemisphere dwindled. As a result, Napoleon chose to sell the territory to the bordering United States.Incorrect
What was the objective of the Lewis and Clark expedition?Correct
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were chosen by President Jefferson to get a better picture of the land and resources he had acquired from the French in the Louisiana Purchase. Both men had backgrounds in science and experience with Native Americans, which allowed them to create a fairly complete picture of not only the land of the American west, but also what that land contained. This would provide a valuable foundation for future westward expansion.Incorrect
Which of the following people provided support to Lewis and Clark that was instrumental in helping them navigate and survive the western territories?Correct
Sacagawea, a teenage Shoshone woman, joined up with the Lewis and Clark expedition in the winter of 1804. Her assistance as a guide and interpreter would prove invaluable to the success of the mission.Incorrect
How did Zebulon Pike’s expedition into the Rocky Mountains end?Correct
Pike and his men were taken prisoner by the Spanish in early 1807 as they were returning home through the Spanish-controlled New Mexico territory. The Spanish believed Pike was scouting their land for a possible American invasion. Ironically, while it had not been a primary goal for the trip, Pike’s expedition was a key component in stoking the fire for American westward expansion towards the very same Spanish territories.Incorrect