Attempt the quiz on The First World War and the Roaring Twenties and check how much you can score. The Roaring Twenties is a term for Western culture and also culture in the 1920s. It was a period of continual financial prosperity with an unique cultural edge in the United States, Canada and Western Europe, specifically in major cities such as New York City, Montreal, Chicago, Detroit, Paris, Berlin, London and Los Angeles. In France and also Quebec, it was known as the “années folles” (“Crazy Years”), stressing the age’s social, artistic and also cultural dynamism. Jazz music thrived, the flapper redefined modern femininity, Art Deco peaked, and, in the wake of hyper-emotional patriotism after World War I, normality returned to politics. This period saw the large-scale use of autos, telephones, motion pictures, radio, and also electricity; commercial, traveler, and freight air travel; in addition to unmatched industrial development, accelerated consumer demand, plus considerable modifications in lifestyle and also culture. The media concentrated on celebs, specifically sporting activities heroes and flick celebrities, as cities favored their home teams as well as filled up the new palatial cinemas as well as enormous sporting activities stadiums. In a lot of significant nations, women won the right to vote.
The social and social functions known as the Roaring Twenties began in leading city centers, then spread extensively in the results of World War I. The United States gained supremacy in globe money. Therefore, when Germany can no longer manage war repairs to Britain, France and various other Allies, the Americans developed the Dawes Plan as well as Wall Street invested heavily in Germany, which repaid its reparations to nations that, in turn, used the bucks to settle their battle debts to Washington. By the center of the years, prosperity was widespread, with the 2nd fifty percent of the decade known, specifically in Germany, as the “Golden Twenties”. Click here for U.S History Quiz on The Gilded Age and the American West : 10 MCQs ( Part 2 )
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- Question 1 of 10
1. Question1 points
Which of the following was a major power of the War Industry Board during World War I?Correct
The War Industry Board was created on July 28, 1917, after the United States had declared war on Germany and its allies. In January 1918, it was reorganized under the direction of Bernard M. Baruch. The major focus of the board was to coordinate the purchase of war supplies, set price controls at wholesale levels, and mediate between labor and business to avoid strikes. Another agency set up during the war was the Food Administration, which was created under the Lever Food and Control Act and led by Herbert Hoover. His task was to ensure the production of food. He fixed the price of American grains, which greatly bol- stered the income of American farmers. His work in this agency gained him national promi- nence as a great pragmatist, which eventually won him the presidency. The Lever Food and Control Act also created the Fuel Administration, which instituted daylight savings time to reduce the use of lamp oil during the summer months. The government also created the Committee of Public Information (CPI), which was headed by the journalist George Creel. The CPI had the job of ensuring public support for the war through films, speeches, radios, and other uses of media. The CPI also held massive rallies to promote the sale of war bonds, which helped finance the war. In 1917 and 1918, the government also passed the Espionage and Sedition Acts, which were designed to quell vocal opposition to the war.Incorrect
- Question 2 of 10
2. Question1 points
Eugene V. Debs was arrested during World War I forCorrect
The Espionage Act, passed in 1917, made it a crime to interfere with military operations and recruitment. It also outlawed acts that promoted insubordination within the military or any other action that might support America’s enemies during the war. In 1918, this law was amended to include the Sedition Act, which prohibited many forms of speech that were considered derogatory toward the government or the military. Eugene V. Debs, a labor organizer and perennial socialist presidential candidate, was arrested for violating this act in 1918 for giving a fiery speech against the draft. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison but was pardoned after 3 years by President Harding.Incorrect
- Question 3 of 10
3. Question1 points
A major goal of Woodrow Wilson’s League of Nations was toCorrect
On January 8, 1918, Woodrow Wilson issued his Fourteen Points, which illustrated the president’s vision for sustained peace following the First World War. The Fourteen Points addressed what Wilson believed to be the causes of the war, promoted self-determination among nations, and created the League of Nations to help maintain peace and security in the postwar world. The league would prevent future conflicts through disarmament agreements, peacefully resolving disputes between members and working for the common defense of member states. The league was ultimately rejected by the United States over concerns that it would interfere with American independence in its foreign policy and possibly drag the nation unwillingly into future European conflicts. While the league ultimately failed, it served as a prototype for the future United Nations.Incorrect
- Question 4 of 10
4. Question1 points
The Republican administrations of the 1920s would best be described asCorrect
During the 1920 presidential election, the Republicans had an excellent chance of victory. The Wilson administration was blamed for problems left from the First World War, which included abuses of civil liberties under the Espionage and Sedition Acts, the League of Nations controversy, and the strikes and inflation that followed the war. Warren G. Harding was nominated as the Republican candidate for president, and Governor Cal- vin Coolidge of Massachusetts was the vice presidential nominee. Their platform opposed the League of Nations and promised low taxes and high protective tariffs. They also called for restrictions on immigration to achieve what Harding called a return to normalcy. The actions illustrated the move toward isolationism and the pro-business environment that would define the three Republican administrations of the 1920s.Incorrect
- Question 5 of 10
5. Question1 points
The Palmer Raids of the 1920s were a response toCorrect
From November 1919 through January 1920, the U.S. Department of Justice attempted to capture and deport what they saw as leftist radicals and anarchists. These raids, led by Attorney General Mitchell Palmer, were in the context of the greater Red Scare (fear of communist and socialist subversion) taking place within the nation. This Red Scare was triggered in part by the Russian Revolution of 1917, as well as by tensions with organized labor following the First World War, as illustrated by the strike and bombing plots in Seattle during 1919. Palmer set up a special force to monitor and arrest those suspected of being against the U.S. government, especially those accused of being communists, socialists, or anarchists. On January 2, 1920, federal agents stationed in more than 33 cities arrested several thousand people suspected of having radical or leftist beliefs. The Red Scare and the Palmer Raids began to lose momentum by May 1920, and many of those arrested were ordered to be released.Incorrect
- Question 6 of 10
6. Question1 points
The use of installment plans during the 1920s was significant to the economy because itCorrect
The United States faced a severe recession from mid-1920 until 1921. However, the economy improved rapidly in 1922 and remained strong until 1929. Unlike earlier boom periods, which had involved large expenditures for capital investments such as rail- roads, the prosperity of the 1920s depended on the sale of consumer goods. Purchases of costly items such as cars, refrigerators, and a myriad of electric gadgets were made possible by credit allowing installment or time payment. The idea of credit or the installment plan was not new, but the availability of credit was greatly expanded during the 1920s. Other trends contributing to the high consumer sales that helped fuel the economic prosperity of the 1920s were improved wages, heavy advertising, and an increased market of newer products at lower costs.Incorrect
- Question 7 of 10
7. Question1 points
The Supreme Court decision of Schenck v. United States established the precedent for the idea thatCorrect
The Supreme Court’s Schenck v. United States decision of 1919 upheld the con- stitutionality of the 1917 Espionage Act, stating in an opinion written by Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. that speech presenting a “clear and present danger” is not protected under the First Amendment. The case was in response to the arrest of Charles Schenck, who violated the Espionage Act by mailing leaflets to people in an attempt to interfere with the govern- ment’s efforts under the Selective Service Act. Holmes argued that Congress has a right to protect society from words that could cause needless endangerment of the greater popula- tion, such as falsely shouting “Fire!” in a crowded theater. The Schenck decision was modi- fied by the 1969 Brandenburg v. Ohio decision, which stated that the government cannot punish subversive speech unless it directly incites a lawless act or crime. The Brandenburg decision also states that First Amendment rights also protect the rights of subversive groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. “Separate but equal” was constitutional in the Plessy v. Ferguson decision in 1896, but that decision was repudiated by the 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education.Incorrect
- Question 8 of 10
8. Question1 points
Which of the following events illustrates the nativist sentiments of the 1920s?Correct
The 1920s were a period where the ideas of isolationism and nativism became once again prominent. Though the Ku Klux Klan had been mostly wiped out during Recon- struction, it began to reemerge starting in 1915. Yet unlike the organization of the late 19th century, the new Klan used modern recruitment and funding techniques and expanded greatly in size. Also, it was no longer isolated to the South but dominated politics in north- ern states such as Indiana. Furthermore, the targets of this hate group were no longer just African-Americans. The group also began terrorizing Catholic and Jewish communities, along with immigrant populations. The activities of the Klan began to decline after the leader of the Indiana Klan was found guilty of raping a minor in 1925. The National Origins Act further illustrated nativist feelings during the 1920s. The law, passed in 1924, established the first permanent limitation on immigration into the United States and established the first quota system based on national origin. While many of the American policies during the 1920s illustrated isolationism and nativism, other actions, such as the Wash- ington Naval Conference and the Kellogg-Briand Pact, were attempts to maintain peace through international agreements. The Volstead Act of 1918 and the Eighteenth Amend- ment, ratified in 1919, illustrated the final success of the temperance movement to outlaw the general consumption of alcohol.Incorrect
- Question 9 of 10
9. Question1 points
What was the 1920s Harlem Renaissance?Correct
During the 1920s, Harlem became the epicenter for an artistic and literary awak- ening among the African-American population that has become known as the Harlem Renaissance. In the decades from 1914 to 1929, the population of African-Americans living in the Harlem area of New York City grew to nearly 200,000. Jazz musicians such as Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong, poets such as Langston Hughes, and writers such as Alain Locke created works that celebrated the African-American culture and greatly influenced American society as a whole.Incorrect
- Question 10 of 10
10. Question1 points
The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti illustrated America’s fear ofCorrect
Sacco and Vanzetti were immigrants from Italy who were also believed to be anarchists. In 1920, they were convicted of killing two men during an armed robbery in Massachusetts. In 1927, they were executed for the crime. Many critics at the time believed that the authorities and the decisions in the trial were strongly influenced by prejudice against immigrants and fears of subversives brought about by the Red Scare. The execution of the two men was protested internationally as well as within the United States.Incorrect