The state of Goa was under the Portugese rule since the 16th century and their rule lasted for four and a half centuries. Post independence, the Porutgese refused to give up their enclaves to India. In 1961, however, the Indian Army began Operation Vijay resulting in the annexation of Goa. The annexation resulted in Goa, Daman and Diu forming union territories. In 1987, Goa became an independent state and Daman and Diu union territories. Owing to the Portugese influence, the architecture has a strong Anglo- Indian flavour. Most houses have an eclectic mix of Portugese and Indian architectural style with a little bit of Islamic influence as well. This place is well-known for the beaches, churches and temples it houses.