Dates is a simple dry fruit loaded with minerals, vitamins and sugars. It provides the necessary amount of nutrition required by the body. It is said that 15 dates a day is enough for survival. In Oman, a date fruit palm is planted when a son is born. When the boy grows along with the palm, it symbolizes that the boy would never go hungry since he owns a date palm. It is highly recommended for people suffering from anemia since it is loaded with iron and other mineral nutrients. The tree has a lot of significance and date palm leaves are also of religious significance.
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- Question 1 of 10
1. Question1 points
President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction was opposed by some Radical Republicans because theyCorrect
Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction was considered lenient by many Radical Repub- licans. Many felt that the South needed to be punished for seceding from the Union and starting the war. Lincoln, however, felt it was more important to reunify the nation, and his plan illustrated this in many ways. He required only 10 percent of the voting populations in each state to take an oath of allegiance. Each state was required to establish a new state government that swore to uphold the Thirteenth Amendment and emancipation. After this was completed, states would be allowed to hold elections and resume participation in the Union. Lincoln also offered pardons to any Confederate who took a loyalty oath, though military and government officials were denied this. He also did not require any state to give former slaves the right to vote. Lincoln’s leniency was also illustrated by his rejection of the
1864 Wade-Davis Bill. Fearing that Southern states would reinstitute slavery after being readmitted to the Union, Radical Republicans introduced the legislation to increase the percentage of voters required to take a pledge from 10 percent to 50 percent. This illustrated the clashing of opposing viewpoints that would define the Reconstruction Era.Incorrect
- Question 2 of 10
2. Question1 points
What post–Civil War event is most associated with Ford’s Theatre?Correct
On April 14, 1865, President Lincoln attended a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. During the performance, the acclaimed actor and former Confederate spy John Wilkes Booth shot the president. Lincoln died the following morning. This event left the nation in mourning but also created tensions within the government. Upon Lincoln’s death, the vice president, Andrew Johnson, assumed the office. He was a southern Democrat who believed in an even more lenient Reconstruction plan than Lincoln’s. This put him at odds with the Radical Republican–controlled govern- ment. The tensions continued to grow, eventually resulting in the first impeachment of a president in American history.Incorrect
- Question 3 of 10
3. Question1 points
The Reconstruction plans of both Lincoln and Johnson includedCorrect
Both Lincoln and Johnson supported what Radical Republicans saw as lenient plans for Reconstruction. But both insisted on what became known as the Ten Percent Plan. Once 10 percent of a Southern state’s 1860 voters had taken an oath of loyalty, the state could rejoin the Union. This was after it had established a new state government that would ratify and adhere to the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlawed the practice of slavery. Neither plan called for the redistribution of land, an act supported by many former slaves as well as Radical Republicans. Lincoln’s plan for states to reenter the Union, which was in many ways similar to Johnson’s, was relatively simple. This was because Lincoln believed that the Southern states had never legally seceded in the first place. After Lincoln’s death, Johnson initiated his own Reconstruction plan. It continued Lincoln’s pardons of former Confederates. It also called on Southern states to repudiate their war debts. A major difference was that it did not require the 10 percent loyalty oath to hold a constitutional convention.Incorrect
- Question 4 of 10
4. Question1 points
Which of the following actions was taken by state governments in the South to improve economic conditions?Correct
After the Civil War, many southern leaders called for the creation of a “New South,” which would be the home of cities and new industries. One area of focus was rebuilding and expanding the southern railroad networks. By the 1870s, much of the initial railroad infrastructure was rebuilt, and nearly 4,000 miles of new track were laid. This allowed for southern commerce to increase, and towns and cities began to expand. While the South never rose to the level of northern industrialism, new cotton, lumber, and iron mills allowed the economies of southern states to expand.Incorrect
- Question 5 of 10
5. Question1 points
Which of the following would be considered an achieved success of Reconstruction in the South?Correct
The Freedman’s Bureau, or the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, was created in 1865 to provide aid to freed people and help them make the adjust- ment to freedom. It was created under the U.S. Department of War and headed by General Oliver O. Howard. While the bureau was short-lived (it was dismantled by 1869), it played an important role in providing for the basic needs of millions of war refugees. It, along with other programs established using Reconstruction funds, created a public school system similar to the ones found in the North in 1872. The Freedman’s Bureau further addressed the educational needs of African-Americans. In its short existence, it created nearly 4,000 schools, including Howard University near Washington, D.C., in 1867.Incorrect
- Question 6 of 10
6. Question1 points
The Ku Klux Klan formed during Reconstruction with the purpose ofCorrect
In 1866, a group of former Confederate soldiers in Tennessee created a secret society they called the Ku Klux Klan. Membership in the society spread throughout the South, encouraged by Southern whites’ fears of African-Americans’ newly found rights and freedoms. Much of the membership consisted of former Confederate leaders, who were excluded from pardons and therefore politics. As Reconstruction progressed, the violent acts of the Klan increased. Raids were conducted on black communities as well as on those who supported Republican reforms. Fear and intimidation were used to keep black communities from voting, as well as to force African-Americans into a subordinate role in society. Con- gress responded by passing the Enforcement Acts in 1870 and 1871. These acts outlawed the use of terror and force to keep people from exercising their right to vote. The military was also used to suppress the Klan’s activities, helping to wipe out the Klan. The organiza- tion later reemerged in the post-Reconstruction years, however, and began to play a major role in politics in various regions throughout the nation.Incorrect
- Question 7 of 10
7. Question1 points
Which of the following statements describes a provision of the 1867 Reconstruction Act?Correct
During the 1866 congressional elections, Radical Republicans were elected in large numbers. This was, in part, a response to Andrew Johnson’s resistance to the Four- teenth Amendment, which would give African-Americans citizenship and, with it, legal status and constitutional protections. The Radical Republicans began to institute their own plans for Reconstruction. In 1867, they passed the Reconstruction Act, which implanted six sweeping provisions. One measure divided the South into five districts and put it under military rule. It also forced states to create new constitutions and allow both white and African-American males to vote. It also called on all Southern states to guarantee equal rights to all citizens and ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.Incorrect
- Question 8 of 10
8. Question1 points
The purpose of the Force Acts was primarily toCorrect
In response to the emergence of the Ku Klux Klan during the years following the Civil War, the federal government instituted laws to protect the rights of freedmen. One of these laws was the Force Acts of 1870. The Tenure of Office Act of 1867 required the president to seek the approval of the Senate to remove officials they appointed. The act became the basis of Andrew Johnson’s impeachment in 1868. The Reconstruction Act of
1867 divided the South into military districts.Incorrect
- Question 9 of 10
9. Question1 points
The practice of slavery was officially ended in the United States withCorrect
The Thirteenth Amendment, adopted on December 6, 1865, was the first of the Reconstruction Amendments. It officially abolished slavery and involuntary servitude,except as punishment for a crime. While the Emancipation Proclamation, announced by Lincoln in 1863, was intended to free slaves, it did so only in areas controlled by the Con- federacy and did not address the border states. The Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, did not deal with slavery or the rights of African-Americans at all. Its intention was to cor- rect problems within the presidential electoral process. See answers to questions 297 and
299 for descriptions of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.Incorrect
- Question 10 of 10
10. Question1 points
Following the Civil War, the rights of freedmen were restricted by Southern governments throughCorrect
As Southern states met the demands of the Reconstruction Plans and were restored into the Union, many began to pass laws that restricted African-Americans’ rights. These laws were known as Black Codes. These codes were intended to keep newly freed slaves in their subordinate positions, deny them political empowerment, and keep them out of certain sectors of the economy. Black Codes took the form of strict curfews, vagrancy laws, forced-labor contracts, and restrictions of property ownership. The Radical Republi- cans attempted to combat these actions through stricter Reconstruction measures, passage of equal-rights laws, and the use of the military. When Reconstruction ended, these codes continued and grew even more severe.Incorrect