The birth of Israel has a very interesting history and it is a recent one. Israel is a country located in the West Asia on the South Eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Its borders are shared with Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Egypt. Although the State of Israel is comparatively small, it has a diverse geographical climate. The city of Jerusalem is the capital of Israel although its sovereignty over Jerusalem stays under dispute. The financial center of Israel is Tel Aviv. The national language is Hebrew and the religion followed is Judaism which is coincidentally one of the oldest religions in the world.