Net Neutrality is nothing but Internet being available in a neutral manner for all users without any discrimination whatsoever. The Federal Communications Chairman in 2014 proposed online discrimination and creating a ‘pay-to-play’ fast lanes. This gave advantage to certain companies like Verizon and Comcast. This was however opposed worldwide because it meant end of open Internet. It put an end to the users’ right to communicate freely across every platform. It also put the start-ups at risk. When there is no net neutrality, it is analogous to your mobile service provider deciding who should call you and what can be said on the call. That is, your company would divide the Internet into fast and slow lanes. A service provider could then slow down their competitors’ content or even block them. This would simply put an end to the open world of Internet.
Quiz on Net Neutrality
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- Question 1 of 10
1. Question1 points
Who was appointed the first female Supreme Court justice?Correct
In 1981, Ronald Reagan appointed Sandra Day O’Connor to the Supreme Court, making her the first woman to serve in the nation’s highest court. Reagan also appointed the conservative Antonin Scalia to the Supreme Court in 1986, as well as Anthony Kennedy in 1988. In 1986, Reagan appointed Justice William Rehnquist to be Chief Justice. These appointments helped establish a strongly conservative court that in many ways mirrored Reagan’s political beliefs and catered to his political support in the conservative movement as well as in the religiously conservative Moral Majority. Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg was the second female appointed to the Supreme Court. She was appointed by President Clinton in
1993. Sonia Sotomayor was selected for the Supreme Court by President Barack Obama in
2009, making her the third woman to serve. And in 2010, Obama selected Elena Kagan to be the fourth female Supreme Court justice. Frances Perkins was the first female to serve in the president’s cabinet. She served as secretary of labor under Franklin Roosevelt. Margaret Thatcher was the first female prime minister of Britain, serving from 1979 to 1990.Incorrect
- Question 2 of 10
2. Question1 points
What was the overall impact of perestroika and glasnost on the Cold War?Correct
Perestroika and glasnost were the basis of the policy initiated by Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev during his tenure from 1985 to 1991. Perestroika refers to restructur- ing, and glasnost refers to openness. This policy illustrated Gorbachev’s push to reform the Soviet’s government practices and provide greater transparency. The result, however, was that the communist nations, which for years had run single-party police states, lost their grip, and the Eastern European regimes began to collapse, marking the end of the Cold War. In 1989, Poland held its first free elections; during the same year, the Berlin Wall fell, and Germany reunited. Ultimately, the Soviet Union also collapsed after a failed coup in 1991.Incorrect
- Question 3 of 10
3. Question1 points
The First Persian Gulf War began when Saddam HusseinCorrect
After Iraq invaded the independent nation of Kuwait in 1990, the United States and its allies attacked Iraq to liberate the tiny, oil-rich state. President Bush hoped that the liberation of Kuwait and the defeat of the Iraqi-led invasion would lead to a revolution within Iraq that would result in the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. Yet Bush did not sup- port supplying Iraqi rebels with military aid, and the later uprisings were quickly crushed by Saddam’s forces. Saddam Hussein remained in power until he was overthrown by the United States during the Second Gulf War, led by Bush’s son, President George W. Bush, in 2003.Incorrect
- Question 4 of 10
4. Question1 points
In attempting to reform the nation’s health care system, President Clinton wanted toCorrect
In 1992, Bill Clinton won the presidency in a three-way race against the incum- bent president George H. W. Bush and independent candidate Ross Perot. As he began his term in 1993, he focused his domestic program on reforming the nation’s health care system by providing over 37 million uninsured Americans with health care coverage. He called for the creation of a government-supervised health care system, which would provide affordable coverage to all Americans. Insurance companies and medical companies lobbied heavily against the measure, and after nearly a year of debate, the plan ultimately failed.Incorrect
- Question 5 of 10
5. Question1 points
The Republican Party’s 1994 Contract with America pledged toCorrect
During the midterm elections in 1994, House Republicans under the leader- ship of Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich launched what they called the “Contract with America.” In the contract, the Republican candidates promised a balanced budget within seven years by drastically cutting public services. Most of their plans failed, as their intended cuts were rejected by both parties in the Senate, as well as rejected by Clinton through vetoes. Ultimately, the battle between House Republicans and the president led to a brief shutdown of government in 1995. The Republicans’ attacks on public services and social spending measures raised Clinton’s popularity in the polls while causing their own to decline. The Star Wars program, a nickname for the Strategic Defense Initiative, was a costly nuclear defense developed by the Reagan administration, which added to further increases in military spending during his two terms.Incorrect
- Question 6 of 10
6. Question1 points
The 2000 presidential election was similar to the 1824 election in thatCorrect
In both the 1824 election and the election of 2000, the candidate who received the largest percentage of the popular vote lost the overall presidential election. During the
1824 election, the House of Representatives decided the election in favor of John Quincy Adams over Andrew Jackson. In the 2000 elections, the final decision fell into the hands of the Supreme Court. On the election night of 2000, the race became too close to call, and neither candidate received enough electoral votes to win the presidency, though Democratic candidate and former vice president Al Gore won in the popular vote over the Republican candidate, George W. Bush. Eventually, Florida emerged as a battleground. After the two candidates waged legal battles for nearly a month, the Supreme Court decided the election with its decision in the Bush v. Gore case, which ended the vote recounts in Florida, award- ing the presidency to Bush.Incorrect
- Question 7 of 10
7. Question1 points
The controversy in which members of President Reagan’s administration illegally sold arms in violation of a congressional embargo has become known asCorrectIncorrect
- Question 8 of 10
8. Question1 points
Which of the following statements is true of the impeachments of both President Clinton and President Johnson?Correct
President Bill Clinton was the second president in U.S. history to be impeached. The first was Andrew Johnson, in February 1868. The Radical Republicans in the House of Representatives charged Johnson with violating the Tenure of Office Act of 1867. Clin- ton was charged with perjury and obstruction of justice in an investigation concerning allegations of sexual harassment in a suit brought by Paula Jones, a former Arkansas state worker. While Johnson avoided removal by a single vote, 55 senators voted against Clin- ton’s removal.Incorrect
- Question 9 of 10
9. Question1 points
Which of the following events is not associated with Al Qaeda?Correct
The Oklahoma City Federal Building bombing took place on April 19, 1995, and was carried out by Timothy McVeigh, who was a sympathizer of the American militia movement. The bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City killed 168 people and injured nearly 700 others. It was considered the largest terrorist attack on American soil until the Al Qaeda attacks of September 11, 2001.Incorrect
- Question 10 of 10
10. Question1 points
Which of the following legislation was passed in direct response to the events of September 11, 2001?Correct
The USA PATRIOT Act, or Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. The law was created in direct response to the Al Qaeda terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001. The law was designed to reduce restrictions on law enforcement and intelligence agencies’ ability to gather intelligence concerning future terrorist threats. The law was deemed controversial because it contradicted earlier legislation such as FISA, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, which was signed into law by President Carter. FISA was created specifically to limit intelligence agencies’ ability to use surveil- lance on American citizens in the wake of the Watergate Scandal under President Nixon. The McCain-Feingold Act, or Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002, was a bipartisan attempt to regulate the financing of political campaigns. Portions of the law were struck down as unconstitutional in 2010 with the Supreme Court decision in the case Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. The Brady Bill, or the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, was signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 1994. The law required federal background checks on people wishing to purchase a firearm.Incorrect