The 25th amendment to the Constitution of USA passed by Congress on July 6, 1965 brought a procedure within constitution to provide a process for the president to withdraw from office, voluntarily and temporarily.
The process involves Congress to notify that the President is unable to discharge his powers and duties. After that ,the vice president takes over as acting president until the president notifies Congress that he is fit to return.In the case of a death of a president, the vice president becomes president. In that event, the new president would name a vice president who would be subject to confirmation by a majority vote in both chambers of Congress.
Section 4 of the 25th Amendment provides that a president who “is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office” can be removed from office. The vice president and either a majority of Cabinet members or members “of such other body as Congress may by law provide” need to communicate that wish in writing to the Senate president pro tempore and the Speaker of the House in order for the sitting vice president to become the acting president. However, if the president resists and deems himself capable of fulfilling his duties, the matter heads to Congress: A two-thirds vote in both the House and Senate within 21 days means the vice president remains the acting president; a lesser vote returns the powers to the president.
What was the reasons for the 25th amendment ?
The immediate reason for passing of this law was the sudden death of President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, . That national tragedy created moments of chaos in the federal government that afternoon was the immediate reason for congress to pass the 25th amendment to the Constitution
Which state was the first to ratify 25th amendment?
Nebraska became the first state to ratify the proposed amendment in July 1965,. Minnesota was the 37th states and Nevada was the 38th state to ratify the amendment, both on February 10, 1967, making it the law of the land.
What are three circumstances in which Vice President can take over as President ?
Section 1 of the 25th Amendment provides that the Vice President became President under three circumstances:
- resignation, and
- removal from office
Was this 25th Amendment invoked ever ?
It has been invoked many times . The most recent time 25th amendment was invoked was in 2007, when President George W. Bush had a colonoscopy; Vice President Dick Cheney was acting president for a few hours.