The following section consist of The era of discontent. Take this quiz and check how much you can score. In 1763, British power stretched from India to North America and also the Caribbean, but the expense of developing the realm was high. Britain was facing an enormous postwar financial obligation and also already‐high tax obligations in addition to the need to fund the management of its recently acquired lands. The British expected the American nests, which flourished during the Seven Years’ War through rewarding army agreements regardless of additional taxes, to presume a minimum of part of the economic problem. The colonists had assumptions as well: unfettered accessibility to western lands, for example. Although a lot of considered themselves English subjects and also were proud to have assisted Britain win an empire, a feeling of American identity was creating. The colonists had acquired higher control over their lives during the battle, through their colonial settings up’ exacting concessions from royal governors as the rate for elevating income, and whether the colonists would once again meekly approve the duty of imperial subject was unidentified. The Seven Years’ War had begun over control of the Ohio River Valley; events in that area ended up being the first problem the British dealt with in governing their brand-new empire. France’s Indian allies definitely understood that the British success implied a growing number of inhabitants would certainly flood onto their lands. In the springtime of 1763, Pontiac, an Ottawa leader, developed a union of people to own the British off the western lands. Pontiac’s Rebellion caused disorder in the Great Lakes region as his forces overran eight British fts and also threatened both Detroit as well as Pittsburgh. The British resisted by providing Indians smallpox‐infected coverings, an early instance of biological warfare. Although Pontiac himself did not accept peace until 1766, Parliament attempted to pacify the Indians with legislation.
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Question 1 of 10
1. Question1 points
Which of the following advantages did the colonists have during the American Revolution?Correct
During the American Revolution, the British army often found itself outgunned. The British used muskets with unrifled barrels because these weapons were quicker to reload. The colonists, however, had muskets with rifled barrels, which greatly increased their accuracy, though they were slower to reload. The British maintained more Native American alliances, which would create troubles for the young United States as its people expanded west following the conclusion of the revolution.Incorrect
Question 2 of 10
2. Question1 points
Which of the following statements best describes the role African- Americans played in the American Revolution?Correct
During the war, the British actively recruited slaves, especially those whose owners were patriots. During the war, a majority of African-Americans fought for Britain under the promise they would gain freedom. Though some African-Americans fought for the patriot cause, the colonists were reluctant to enlist black soldiers. At the end of the war, the British took thousands of slaves with them as they withdrew from the South. Some were given freedom in Canada, while others remained enslaved and were forced into labor in the West Indies.Incorrect
Question 3 of 10
3. Question1 points
After 1778, the British military adopted a strategy ofCorrect
By 1778, the patriots gained control of the Ohio River Valley and halted the British attempt to isolate New England from the rest of the colonies. Starting in 1778, the British began to focus their strategy in the South, hoping to incite southern loyalist sympathizers and capture key ports such as Savannah and Charleston. General Cornwallis established a camp at Yorktown in Virginia. He found himself surrounded, however, and was forced to surrender after the patriots held siege on his position with the assistance of the French. The British government and Benedict Arnold did devise a plan to turn over West Point to the British in 1780, but the plan was foiled.Incorrect
Question 4 of 10
4. Question1 points
General Charles Cornwallis was forced to surrender at Yorktown mainly becauseCorrect
After 1778, the British army began to focus on the South, successfully capturing key southern ports. General Cornwallis attempted to secure Yorktown, but the French navy took control of the Chesapeake Bay at the Battle of Hampton Roads, cutting off Brit- ish supply lines and allowing American and French forces to besiege the British position. Cornwallis surrendered on October 19, 1781, marking the last major battle of the American Revolution.Incorrect
Question 5 of 10
5. Question1 points
Which of the following groups would most likely support the Articles of Confederation?Correct
At the conclusion of the revolution, many Americans feared the reemergence of a monarchy or dictatorship. These fears of a strong central government are illustrated by the creation of the Articles of Confederation. In this government, most of the power was held by individual states. This arrangement proved ineffective, however, because the government lacked the power to tax or regulate commerce, leading to economic instability, inflation, and uprisings.Incorrect
Question 6 of 10
6. Question1 points
What movement most directly influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence?Correct
The Enlightenment was an 18th-century intellectual movement with a strong focus on the individual, rationalism, and natural rights. Philosophers of this movement, such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, inspired Thomas Jefferson in his writing of the Declaration of Independence. The declaration’s reference to “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” echoes the ideas from Locke’s Two Treatises on Government, though Locke originally referred to life, liberty, and property.Incorrect
Question 7 of 10
7. Question1 points
Which of the following issues was not addressed in the Declaration of Independence?Correct
While the Declaration of Independence states, “All men are created equal,” Jef- ferson implied that all free citizens are politically equal. Most scholars feel that this notion of equality did not apply to wealth. Furthermore, the statement did not apply to those not considered to be full citizens, such as women and slaves. The notion of equality has evolved over time, however, and it inspired abolitionists, suffragists, and other civil rights groups in later generations.Incorrect
Question 8 of 10
8. Question1 points
Which of the following battles was a decisive win for the Americans?Correct
Going into the winter of 1776, the Continental army under George Washington was unable to secure a large victory. The army was badly defeated at the Battle of Long Island and was forced to retreat through New Jersey to Pennsylvania. The victory at Tren- ton in December 1776 helped save the Continental army as well as George Washington’s career. The loss at Brandywine allowed the British to take Philadelphia, and the Battle of Monmouth ended in a draw. Bunker Hill was seen as a moral victory for the colonists in that they held off the first two British attacks. However, in the end, they lost their position at Charlestown Peninsula, losing the battle.Incorrect
Question 9 of 10
9. Question1 points
The role of General Friedrich Von Steuben during the American Revolution would be best described asCorrect
The Continental army consisted of many untrained militiamen and volunteers. A good number of them lacked knowledge of field drills and maneuvering, which put the army at a disadvantage against the well-trained British army. General Von Steuben trained Washington’s army over the winter of 1778, instilling much-needed training in field drills. His practices became the foundation of the Continental army’s field training manual.Incorrect
Question 10 of 10
10. Question1 points
Which Revolutionary War battle is considered the turning point in favor of the American colonists?Correct
The Battle of Saratoga has been considered by many historians to be the turning point of the war for the colonists. This battle ended the British plan to sever New England from the rest of the American colonies. It also convinced the French to extend their sup- port to the patriots more openly, and it convinced the Spanish to enter the conflict as an ally of the French.Incorrect