U.S History Quiz on Civil Rights, the 1960s, and Vietnam : 10 MCQs (Part 2)05:48
Published on December 20, 2016
The following Section consist of Civil Rights, the 1960s, and Vietnam. Take the quiz and check how much you can score. The 1960s was a decade of social and cultural change higher than any type of duration since the “Roaring ’20s.” Millions of postwar child boomers became young adults as well as young people in the 1960s. Lots of young people in this generation tested the conventional worths of earlier generations. Those in this counterculture advertised originality and challenged authority. Lots of experimented with new ideas regarding songs, clothing, drugs, as well as personal relationships.By 1968, popular opinion was dramatically split over U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. The assassinations in 1968 of Martin Luther King, Jr. as well as Senator Robert Kennedy additionally increased stress in the nation. Antiwar militants progressed Washington, D.C. in 1969 to require an end to the war. In 1970, numerous college universities emerged in protest. University student organized demos and also displayed their resistance to the draft. Demonstrations and also troubles on the Ohio State school began on April 29, 1970 and proceeded until the University closed down on May 6. Two days before the closure at Ohio State, 5 students at Kent State University were killed by National Guardsman throughout Vietnam War demonstrations. Click here for U.S Quiz on The First World War and the Roaring Twenties
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Question 1 of 10
The Vietnam War finally ended when
Even though American troops withdrew from Vietnam by the end of March
1973, the fighting between North and South Vietnam continued until April 1975, when the Viet Cong, the army of North Vietnam, captured Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam. At this time, they were able to take control of the entire southern nation. President Nixon did perform heavy bombing of Cambodia, hoping to disrupt the Ho Chi Minh Trail in
1970, but Congress ended this operation by June 1970. In 1954, a conference held in Geneva divided Vietnam at the 17th Parallel, creating the state of North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, and the southern state of South Vietnam, initially led by Bao Dai. Dai was quickly overthrown by the fiercely anti-communist Ngo Dinh Diem.
Question 2 of 10
Four deaths resulted after a clash between antiwar student groups and National Guardsmen at which U.S. college?
In 1970, millions of American college students protested President Nixon’s order- ing of American troops into Cambodia. One such protest took place on May 4 at Kent State University in Ohio. After several protestors began throwing rocks at National Guardsmen stationed at the campus, the guardsmen fired into the crowd, killing four students and injuring nine others. This tragedy triggered even more protests, including a gathering of nearly 100,000 students on the White House lawn less than a week later. The event at Kent State also inspired the song “Ohio” by Neil Young, an example of the use of popular music by the antiwar movement.
Question 3 of 10
The major North Vietnamese and Viet Cong offensive launched on the Vietnamese New Year in 1968 is referred to as
In 1968, during the Vietnamese New Year celebration, North Vietnam and Viet Cong forces launched a massive offensive attack known as the Tet Offensive. It included numerous surprise attacks on South Vietnamese cities and American bases, including the capital city of Saigon. The My Lai Massacre was the brutal killing of several hundred Viet- namese citizens by American soldiers. Operation Rolling Thunder refers to an aerial bomb- ing campaign of North Vietnam introduced by the Johnson administration. The operation continued from 1965 to 1968. The Ho Chi Minh Trail was the supply route of the Viet Cong that stretched through Cambodia. To disrupt this supply route, Nixon ordered the carpet bombing of the region and a short-lived invasion of the region by American troops. Domestically, these actions increased antiwar sentiments within the United States. In Cam- bodia, the instability caused by Nixon’s actions, as well as the war in general, allowed for the emergence of the Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, which maintained control of the country from 1975 to 1979 by use of extreme force and genocide.
Question 4 of 10
Which of the following Americans was directly in charge of the soldiers involved in the My Lai Massacre?
William Calley was the lieutenant in charge of a group of soldiers who on March 16, 1968, brutally attacked and killed more than 300 Vietnamese villagers in what became known as the My Lai Massacre. News of the event led to a massive international public outcry. While 26 of the soldiers involved in the event were charged with criminal acts dur- ing the event, only Calley was found guilty, and he served three years for his actions. The event further strengthened the antiwar movement in the United States and internationally. Robert McNamara served as secretary of defense under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He helped coordinate America’s military escalation in Vietnam, first through the use of military advisers under Kennedy and then with conventional forces after the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. However, as the war progressed, he developed mixed feel- ings about continuing to build troop levels and eventually resigned in 1968. At that point, he was replaced by Clark Clifford, who also became doubtful about the conflict. In 1968, Eugene McCarthy and Robert Kennedy (John Kennedy’s brother as well as his attorney general) both challenged President Johnson in the Democratic primaries for the presidential election. Robert Kennedy’s popular run was cut short, however, when he was assassinated in June 1968. McCarthy was unable to secure his party’s nomination, and Johnson’s vice president, Hubert Humphrey, became the Democratic candidate. However, in the end, the Republican candidate, Richard Nixon, narrowly won the election under the slogan of “peace with honor.”
Question 5 of 10
Which of the following terms was not part of the 1973 Paris Peace Agreement signed between the United States and Vietnam?
In January 1973, the United States, North Vietnam, and the Viet Cong met in Paris and negotiated a peace settlement. The United States agreed to remove its military force from the region, and all parties agreed to stop military action in Cambodia and Laos, release all prisoners of war, and recognize the 17th Parallel as the border between North and South Vietnam. No agreements were made on the holding of free elections, and North Vietnam eventually defeated South Vietnam.
Question 6 of 10
Which of the following provisions was not part of the 1973 War Powers Act?
Article I of the U.S. Constitution states that only Congress has the power to declare war, yet the president is the commander in chief of the nation’s military forces. In response to the nation’s disillusionment with the conduct of the Vietnam War, Congress passed the 1973 War Powers Act over the veto of President Nixon. The act limited the president’s use of the nation’s armed forces by requiring the president to notify Congress of any overseas troop deployment and to provide justification for the action. It also stated that troops could not be deployed for more than 60 days without congressional approval, and it allowed Congress to force the president to recall troops if the legislators felt it was necessary. The War Powers Act was first used when President Ford attempted to supply military aid to South Vietnam in 1975. The nation as a whole, like Congress, did not want to become militarily involved in the region again, so Congress used the War Powers Act to deny the president’s request. As a result, South Vietnam fell to the North Vietnamese in April 1975.
Question 7 of 10
This President was shot while riding through Dallas, Texas
Question 8 of 10
Activist who sparked the Montgomery bus boycott
Question 9 of 10
Americans that supported the U.S. being in Vietnam
Question 10 of 10
In this event, 9 college students were wounded and 4 were killed when they were protesting the Vietnam war