Quiz on The Era of Good Feelings to the Age of Jackson : 10 MCQs (Part 2)08:54
Published on December 16, 2016
The Era of Good Feelings noted a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of nationwide function as well as a desire for unity among Americans in the after-effects of the Napoleonic Wars.The period saw the collapse of the Federalist Party as well as an end to the bitter partial disagreements between it and the leading Democratic-Republican Party throughout the First Party System.President James Monroe strove to downplay partisan affiliation in making his nominations, with the ultimate objective of national unity as well as removing events completely from nationwide politics.The period is so very closely connected with Monroe’s presidency (1817 to 1825) as well as his management goals that his name and also the age are practically associated.
The designation of the duration by historians as one of good feelings is frequently communicated with paradox or apprehension, as the background of the age was one where the political atmosphere was stressed and also divisive, particularly amongst intrigues within the Monroe management as well as the Republican Party.
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Question 1 of 10
Which of the following was an observation of Alexis de Tocqueville concerning American society?
Alexis de Tocqueville traveled throughout the United States in the 1830s and published his most famous book, Democracy in America, in 1835. In this work, he describes his observations of American society. He notes the effects of a democratic society in pro- viding equality and opportunity. De Tocqueville discusses the difference between land ownership in Europe and the United States and the impact that access to land ownership has on individual citizens of all classes. The ability to own land and move outward to find new opportunity made Americans unique as a people on the move, which allowed for greater social mobility, causing a break from European traditions of aristocracy. De Toc- queville also discusses other factors of American society, such as the deep role religion had within American society and the inequality found in the treatment of Native Americans and slaves.
Question 2 of 10
Which of the following statements best defines the Cult of Domesticity?
The Cult of Domesticity, also referred to as the doctrine of separate spheres, emphasized the role of women in preparing their children for adulthood by acting as a nurturing mother and dutiful wife who exemplified expectations of virtue and morality. The belief was popular in both the United States and Britain during the 19th century. Because women were seen as natural nurturers, opportunities as teachers did emerge, but overall, this view became an obstacle for women seeking rights and equality.
Question 3 of 10
Mary Lyon is most associated with establishing which of the following advancements for women?
In 1837, Mary Lyon established the first women’s college in the United States, the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. Oberlin College in Ohio admitted four female students in 1837, making it the first college in the nation to admit both male and female students.
Question 4 of 10
Which of the following best describes the goals of the American Colonization Society during the early part of the 19th century?
The American Colonization Society was created by Robert Finley in 1816. It had a dual mission: returning freed blacks to Africa in hopes of giving them greater access to freedom, while also alleviating slave owners’ fears of an increase in free former slaves living in the United States. Thousands of freedmen and former slaves migrated to Africa through this program, many eventually establishing the independent state of Liberia.
Question 5 of 10
Which of the following people was not a candidate in the 1824 presidential election?
John C. Calhoun ran for vice president and, unlike the presidential candidates, won the needed majority to win the election. Adams, Clay, Crawford, and Jackson all failed to win the needed majority of electoral votes, as the race was divided among the four Republicans. The election was the first time since the passage of the Twelfth Amendment that an election had to be decided by the House of Representatives.
Question 6 of 10
Which of the following statements best describes the result of the 1824 presidential election?
In the election of 1824, four Republican candidates vied for the presidency, since the Federalist Party no longer had a major presence on the national political stage (with the exception of John Marshall in the Supreme Court). The Republican contenders included John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford, and Henry Clay. Andrew Jack- son won the largest number of both popular and electoral votes but lacked the needed majority of electoral votes. (He won 99 electoral votes but needed 131 for the majority.) The election was then decided in the House of Representatives. In what Jackson called the corrupt bargain, John Quincy Adams was declared the winner of the election after Henry Clay put his support behind Adams.
Question 7 of 10
Which president is associated with the creation of a Kitchen Cabinet?
The Kitchen Cabinet was the nickname given to Andrew Jackson’s close-knit group of unofficial advisers. During Jackson’s first term, he had a political split with his vice president, John C. Calhoun, and fired five of his eight cabinet members. His Kitchen Cabinet included Martin Van Buren and two newspaper publishers, Amos Kendall and Francis Blair. The term has been used numerous times since Jackson to describe close, trusted advisers to the president, as in the Kennedy and Reagan administrations.
Question 8 of 10
What new style of campaigning came about in the 1828 presidential election?
The election of 1828 saw a rematch between Andrew Jackson and sitting presi- dent John Quincy Adams. In many ways, the election also introduced a more modern style of campaigning, employing slogans, songs, and massive rallies. Jackson played off his 1812 “Old Hickory” slogan and made hickory sticks a gimmick in his campaign. Jackson easily won the election, ushering in a period dominated by Jacksonian Republicans.
Question 9 of 10
Which of the following objectives best describes Andrew Jackson’s policy toward Native Americans?
Though Andrew Jackson had gained a reputation as an “Indian fighter” during his early career, as president he instead opted to remove Native Americans to reservations in the West. In 1830, Congress passed and Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act. This legislation forcibly relocated thousands of eastern tribes to lands in the West such as the area that is now Oklahoma. Many native people perished in the forced removal, including one in four Cherokees on what became known as the Trail of Tears.
Question 10 of 10
Which of the following is not considered part of Andrew Jackson’s legacy?
Andrew Jackson was nicknamed King Andy because of the way he increased the power and the influence of the presidency and executive branch. This was especially illus- trated by his ending of the second national bank. At the same time, he served as a symbol of the common man, increasing the individual’s access to the political process. Furthermore, his campaign is seen to have helped usher in a new era of elections with massive rallies and usage of the media.